Normative Male Alexithymia and Alexithymia Reduction Treatment

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Articles, Book Chapters, and Videos:

Levant, R. F. (2001). Desperately seeking language: Understanding, assessing and treating normative male alexithymia. In G. R. Brooks and G. Good (Eds). The new handbook of counseling and psychotherapy for men. (Vol. 1, pp. 424-443). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Levant, R.F., Good, G. E., Cook, S., O’Neil, J., Smalley, K. B., Owen, K. A., & Richmond, K. (2006). Validation of the Normative Male Alexithymia Scale: Measurement of a gender-linked syndrome. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 7, 212-224.

Levant, R. F., & Parent, M. C. (2019). The development and evaluation of a brief form of the Normative Male Alexithymia Scale (NMAS-BF). Journal of Counseling Psychology, 66, 224-230.

Levant, R. F., Hall, R. J., Williams, C. & Hasan, N. T. (2009). Gender differences in alexithymia: A Meta-Analysis. Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 10,, 190-203.

Levant, R. F., Halter, M. J. , Hayden, E., & Williams, C. (2009). The efficacy of Alexithymia Reduction Treatment: A pilot study. Journal of Men’s Studies, 17, 75-84.

Levant, R. F., Allen, P. A., & Lien, M-C. (2014) Alexithymia in men: how and when does the deficit in the processing of emotions occur? Psychology of Men and Masculinity, 15, 324-334.


Jardin, E., Allen, P. A., Levant, R. F., Lien, M-C., McCurdy, E. R., Villalba, A., Mallik, P., Houston, J. R., & Gerdes, Z. T. . (2019) Electrophysiological Evidence of Emotional Processing Deficits in Alexithymia. (submitted to refereed journal).

Levant, R., Williams, C., & Hayden, E. (2008). Alexithymia Reduction Treatment (ART): A Manual for a Brief Psycho-educational Intervention for Treating Normative Male Alexithymia, Group Therapy Format. Unpublished Manual: University of Akron

Levant, R., Williams, C., & Hayden, E. (2008). Alexithymia Reduction Treatment (ART): A Manual for a Brief Psycho-educational Intervention for Treating Normative Male Alexithymia, Individual Therapy Format. Unpublished Manual: University of Akron

Levant, R. (1997). Men and emotions: A psychoeducational approach. The Assessment and Treatment of Psychological Disorders Video Series (Video and Viewers Guide). New York: Newbridge Communications, Inc.

Levant, R. (2006). Effective Psychotherapy with Men. (DVD). San Francisco: Psychotherapy.net

Levant, R. (2006). Men and Masculinity. Framingham, MA: Microtraining and Multicultural Development.